The World Health Organisation (WHO) and The National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence (NICE) recommend cognitive behavioural therapy to treat mild depression over pharmacological treatment because it has no side effects and increases patient engagement in the process of curing the depression.
This therapy is based on the basis that emotional problems arise because of irrational thoughts. For that reason, it is focused on discovering what thoughts are making patients feel down.
When the sufferer recognises the negative beliefs, the professional will guide the patient to change the negative interpretation of that specific thoughts. By doing this, the depression symptoms will be reduced, and the patients will improve his mood.
Isabel Garcia, who is a psychologist expert on treating patients with depression in London, says “It is really important to treat depression with this type of therapy not only with medicines because once the patient stops consuming the medication the mental problems are going to appear again”.
Moreover, it helps the patient to find better ways of facing life challenges and improve social relationships in a healthier way. The psychologist will teach techniques that will enable him to cope with stressful situations or set achievable targets.
Cognitive-behavioural therapy is also recommended for people that have drugs or alcohol addiction because the medicine with these stimulants can increase the depression symptoms. This group of people have more chances of becoming addicted to the treatment.
People who suffer from this mental illness should stop consuming medications gradually. Otherwise, it can produce the same symptoms as “abstinence syndrome” which are anxiety, headaches, or irritability. Generally, these symptoms disappear in two weeks. However, some patients have experienced it for longer.